It can reach as high a 3.5 million degrees F/2 million degrees C. Scientists don’t know why or what causes the coronal heating condition. The first one is that it has to occupy the generally accepted range of its mass which is 1.4 x … The design was created to fly seven times closer to the sun than any other spacecraft. I have also included some questions to use to study it more closely. During the solar eclipses we can see the plasma streamers from the crown that narrow outward and create flower-petal-like shapes. The sun is the closest star to Earth and is 149.60 million kilometers (92.96 million miles) away. We can only see the surface of the sun through the use of very specialized equipment. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'planetsforkids_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_5',601,'0','0'])); There are also dwarf planets such as Pluto, dozens of moons and millions of asteroids, comets and meteoroids of all shapes and sizes.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'planetsforkids_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_8',198,'0','0'])); Our sun is a hot ball of gases that is the very center of our solar system. The ancient Romans took much of their culture from the Greek and as their empires progressed they worshipped a number of sun gods. When talking about stars, it’s important to remember that the larger the star, the shorter its life will be. Recent Comments. videos. The sun’s mass is around 70.6% hydrogen and 27.4% helium. The sun is not conducive to allowing life as we know it to exist, adapt, and thrive. Explain the locations of the Earth, moon and sun and describe their relationship 2. Copyright 2019 Planet For Kids. The sun also contains negligible amounts of oxygen, silicon, neon, carbon, magnesium, nitrogen, sulfur, and iron gases. Mass: 333 thousand times the mass of Earth Diameter: 109 times the diameter of Earth Temperature: 5,500 degrees C (10,000 degrees F) on the surface Distance from Earth: 150 million kilometers (93 million miles) Age: 4.5 billion years What is the Sun like? Our sun is made up of two main gases: hydrogen and helium and is referred to as a “sequence star.”. At its centre the temperature is 15 million degrees centigrade. The largest undertaking for exploration of the sun is the NASA Parker Solar Probe. Pupils could then go on to conduct research projects on our Solar System, the order of the planets from the Sun and their orbits. A circular path? Read on for a range of interesting facts about the Sun. Our solar system is in the Milky Way galaxy and located in an outer spiral arm. There are changes between the distance of the Earth and sun but we don’t really notice them due to the elliptical orbit path of the Earth. Subscribe to NASA on iTunes! The Sun is 109 times wider than the Earth and 330,000 times as massive. The second situation that is required is that nuclear fusion must happen. The planets in our solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. It's also the center of our solar system and by far its largest object. How you can tell the time of day from shadows cast by the Sun. Once sunlight leaves the sun it travels towards Earth at 300,00 km per second and takes eight minutes to arrive on Earth’s surface. Once our sun enters the red giant stage it will eventually collapse until it nears the size of our Earth and at that time it will be a white dwarf star. The gravity of the sun is what keeps all of the planets, moons, and bodies within our system together. An introduction to the Sun and its role in our galaxy. The Sun is one of the millions of stars in the solar system. A majority of the material was pulled into the center to form the sun and its mass accounts for 99.8% of the mass of our entire solar system. The core’s temperature is about 27 million degrees F/15 million degrees C. This is hot enough to continue the constant state of thermonuclear fusion, a process where atoms combine to create larger atoms and in that process they release huge amounts of energy. Every sun has a birth, lifespan and a death. Oddly enough, it makes a ‘figure 8’ pattern, known as the Sun’s analemma. I have also used this powerpoint when teaching Unit 44 Astronomy on the BTEC Level 3 in Applied Science. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, essentially, a hot ball of glowing gases. Earth rotates on an axis. This clip may inspire children to design fact files on the Sun, comparing it to Earth and the Moon. Want more? As they span out into the solar system they can reach Earth as well as cause damage to satellites, affect our power grids, and corrode pipelines. An introduction to the Sun and its role in our galaxy. The radiation from the photosphere appears as sunlight as it reaches Earth. It takes around 8 minutes from the moment that it leaves the sun to reach our planet. Examples given include how the sun makes cars able to function and why crisps are a product of the sun. All There are no moons around the sun nor does the sun have any rings. Most of the sun is made up of helium and hydrogen. The creating of our sun happened with two extremely specific situations, the first was that the sun’s mass had to be big enough to be able to allow nuclear fusion to occur. A powerpoint that follows the first 4 lessons of Edexcel Astronomy GCSE covering: the structure of the Sun; sunspots; solar cycles; and, the solar spectrum. Our sun has been the center of attention for humankind throughout the ages. The peak of this activity is called a “solar maximum,” and it’s during this time that solar storms occur that include solar flares, sunspots, and coronal mass ejections. The sun is the real star of the show—literally! The exception to this is during solar eclipses, when the moon covers the photosphere and the chromosphere appears as a red rim around the sun, and the corona forms a lovely white crown. During the winter, the North Pole is tilted away from the Sun's rays. This is the area above the photosphere where we find the tenuous chromosphere and the crown or “corona.” Through the use of specialized equipment we can view this area to see solar flares and sunspots. The Sun is fundamental to our life on Earth. Explore more poetry like this: Wild World.  At its core, the sun’s temperature is about 15 million degrees Celsius (about 27 million degrees Fahrenheit). A stationary dot? The intense gravitational pull of the sun maintains the orbit of things as small as particles all the way to the gas and ice giant planets. Resources to Teach Young Students about the Sun. Jupiter is a gas giant made up of the same gasses as our sun. Enjoy these fun Sun facts for kids. May also be useful for EYFS or Y1. That's everything which orbits the Sun, including the planets - Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The Sun is a main-sequence G2V star (or Yellow Dwarf). We could put 1 million Earths inside the sun. The closest star to Earth, it’s the source of all the heat and light that makes flowers bloom, songbirds croon, and sunbathers swoon.Life wouldn’t exist without it. The Sun is located in the center of the Solar System. The sun does have a kind of thin solar atmosphere. The Sun is our main source of light. The ancient Greeks thought that the sun was a handsome god that they named “Helios.” He was the son of the Titans Hyperion and Theia, and brother to the moon goddess Selene and goddess of the dawn, Eos. The Sun is part of a system of hundreds of billions of stars - a galaxy - called the Milky Way. The Sun is a star found at the center of the Solar System. It is a huge ball of very hot gas. It takes our sun 225-250 million years to complete an orbit around the Milky Way galaxy. Mercury, named after a Roman god, is 36 million miles away from the sun and 48 million miles from Earth. The Sun’s diameter is around 109 times the size of Earth’s, and you could fit the Earth inside the Sun about 1,300,000 times. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'planetsforkids_org-medrectangle-1','ezslot_11',176,'0','0']));report this ad. Scientists have developed a list of classifications for stars and our sun is listed as a class GV, also known as a Yellow Dwarf star. This is where we call “home.” The solar system is made up of some major and minor players, all of which interact with each other. The Sun’s surface area is 11,990 times that of the Earth’s. While a majority of our sun may be gas it does have six distinct regions: the core, the radiative zone, and the convective zone in the interior, the visible surface, called the photosphere; the chromosphere; and the outermost region, the corona. Our sun will continue to shine for around 130 million more years and then it will stop burning its hydrogen and begin to burn helium. T any kind of thin solar atmosphere of ¾ hydrogen and 8.9 % helium have carried name. Geographical poles change sun makes up 99.86 % of the sun, including our system. Is the real star of the sun is what keeps all of the sun started to form and take at. 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