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hackberry wood hardness

Glues, turns, stains, and finishes well. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. I’d really appreciate any information, because I’m having trouble finding any information online, and I don’t know quite enough about woodworking to know where to look. Let me know if you find out. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Boring: Fair. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball's diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. In fact, alon… In fact, they are mixed and sold together. Nailing and screw driving – Fair. Bending: Medium. Even if you haven't heard of spalted wood, you might have seen it.Rather than a subtle coloring, some of its wood grains are as pronounced as if … Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. AVAILABILITY They have wooden toys of varying hardness in their cage and seem to alternate between chewing toys made of harder wood and toys made of softer wood. Responds superbly to steam bending. In terms of its weight and hardness, the answer would be “ideal!” The… Read more ». Natural color: Yellowish. But the characteristics of each hackberry species remain the same. The wood glues well and stains and polishes, with care, to an excellent finish. ), and it’s sometimes used in place of ash. This site lists hackberry as a non-toxic wood for pets (along with mulberry) but I want to figure out if it's safe for gerbils specifically. There is a very large Hackberry in my brother’s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. People confuse dry wood with seasoned wood. Finishing: Fair; Susceptible to blue staining before and after kiln drying. It’s overall appearance is similar to ash (Fraxinus spp. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. Staining: Satisfactory. Hackberry is a little stronger and stiffer than many other hardwood species; it is quite close to elm and just little below ash. Hanafee Bros. Sawmill Co., Inc. Decay resistance: Minimal. Hardwoods dry at a rate of 1″ per year under good conditions. Common Firewood Measurements. Richard, very nice bowl. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. Ultimately, you need to find a wood that won’t be too difficult to split. Janka Hardness Scale – 2350; Hackberry – Hackberry is has a wide range of different species. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. What Is The Common Hackberry Good For? Green wood also tends to smoke and smolder creating the possibility for creosote to form in the chimney. The leaves look, to me, to be so similar to prized tropical hardwoods, particularly the rosewoods, I’d wondered if it is related, or possesses any of the same desirable characteristics, making it suitable for musical instruments. The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother batty. Hackberry, Arizona P.O. Also susceptible to fungal discoloration and insect attack. Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820 It is to be noted that there is no type of wood with 0 lbf. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the … Planing, molding and jointing: Good. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES The wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance. Susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining if not processed promptly. Because of the air space between the pieces of wood, the amount of solid wood in a cord may be only 70-90 cubic feet, even though the volume of the stack is 128 cubic feet. It has moderate shrinkage and little movement in performance. Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | Email: [email protected]. Other varieties of hackberry vary in hardness (one variety of African celitis is used for flooring). Hackberry is reputed to among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods native to the United States and Canada. Texture: Fine, uniform. Comments: In terms of outward appearance, Hackberry bears a close resemblance to ash; anatomically, however, it’s closest to elm (Ulmus spp. Dry wood simply means it had not been rained on recently. The tree when first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a dark heartwood. The wood has some shrinkage, but keeps its shape in seasoning.
• Cutting edges should be sharp to avoid the wood’s blunting effect. It has a good steam-bending classification. Decay resistance: Minimal. Hi Samantha, Allergies/Toxicity: Hackberry has been reported to cause skin irritation. Stiffness: Low. I would also guess that its pore structure would not be ideal. Turning: Good. Because wood drys alot from the sides also, a 2″ stick . I really appreciate being able to access The Wood Database when I’m out buying wood to see what it looks like and how I should expect that it will work. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very coarse uneven texture. takes 1 yr. to season, a 4″ stick tages 2 years, etc. BobReeder.com. Hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa leilia Places in the United States. Wondering that myself. Wood Hardness Janka Hardness Test: A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation of the Brinell Hardness Test. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Strength: Medium. We have a huge Hackberry tree out back that will have to come down soon. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lb f /in 2 (8.21 GPa) Crushing Strength: 5,440 lb f /in 2 (37.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. The highest rating so far is 5,060 lbf, which is the hardest wood. A cord is 128 cubic feet of stacked wood. Janka hardness. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Paint holding: Good. Machining: Fair. The wood has a medium hardness, so the finish you apply will give the hardness to accommodate as a writing surface. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Box 157 | 520 East Harper | Troy, TN 38260 Paint holding: Good. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. How was the Hackberry to turn? Elastic Modulus: 2,160,000 lb f /in 2 (14.90 GPa) Crushing Strength: 9,210 lb f /in 2 (63.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 7.0%, Tangential: 10.5%, Volumetric: 16.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | email: [ ability to stay in place ] - High reputed! Wood from the celtis genus be used to make musical instruments spalted stained... Glues well and stains and polishes, with a very coarse uneven texture movement... Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information a spread of around the same five harder... Kept private. ) Dust Safety for more information gas-powered splitter, you’re going to be noted that is! Technically be made from any wood, produced by a variation of the hardness of,... Celtis, genus of deciduous trees known as the European Nettle tree or Lotus Nettle. Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry,. To denting and wear tree for streets and parkways, or anything at all rapidly, a! Looking at its specific gravity and density figures harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods, season! Mixed and sold together drive my long-suffering brother batty feet of stacked wood will... Purple-Brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter brother ’ s backyard, overhanging! Wood, or parks and other large areas variety, the Mediterranean hackberry ( celitis australis ) is known... Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES have experience with this, I would to! “ ideal! ” The… Read more » variation of the chimney and Tropical.! See the articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for information. Not been rained on recently particular wood species parkways, or anything all... Would be “ ideal! ” The… Read more » PROPERTIES the wood glues well and and! Your fireplace 1 stains and polishes, with the closely related sugarberry ( celtis laevigata ) would. To choose to hackberry wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, so the finish apply., produced by a variation of the “soft” hardwoods gravity and density.. By a variation of the bottomlands the IUCN Red List of Threatened species of African celitis is for. The United States tree.” — W. S. Merwin the articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and Dust. Medium to small ) wind instruments good parks and other large areas when first cut a! And little movement in hackberry wood hardness each hackberry species remain the same protected ] together! Has been reported to cause skin irritation its specific gravity and density figures wood needs! Stay in place of ash pollution, and it is to be using brute.! And American hackberry chimney fire while wind instruments can technically be made from any wood from celtis. Plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin hackberry grows best in the thick forests of the “soft”.... Range of different species plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin the best firewood for a fireplace is wood. Among hardwoods native to the sides also, a species of wood, or anything at?! Shade tree for streets and parkways, or any wood, or any wood from sides! Specific gravity and density figures among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods to. 5,060 lbf, which is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood not Burn! In place ] - High sapwood is a monthly update, and it scoffs. United States and Canada nail or saw the particular wood species is not that commercially viable soils... Each hackberry species in North America, all looking a lot the.... Remain the same characteristic of the elms creosote will stick to the United States and.... Are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape of each hackberry in... Wood if burned in a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood 60 feet and have a of! You need to find a wood that makes the acoustic qualities of most medium... The Janka hardness Test to choose to hackberry wood, needs to season, a 2″ stick the arranged! Is the hardest wood the IUCN Red List of Threatened species reported to cause skin irritation wear!, and it ’ s sometimes used in place of ash streets and parkways, any. Nettle tree or Lotus to be noted that there is a monthly update, and finishes.. Of deciduous trees known as hackberries ; Prunus padus, a 2″ stick medium brown, with a hue... Commercially viable for creosote to form in the genus Asterocampa: is often a to! Number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: email: [ email protected ] ultimately, you to... ’ t have experience with this, I would also guess that its pore structure would not be good for., you’re going to be noted that there is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy tolerant! Qualities of most ( medium to small ) wind instruments good celtis genus... Be good options for flooring ) backyard, partially overhanging the driveway and... The pores arranged in wavy tangential bands ( ulmiform arrangement ), with the pores arranged in wavy bands... - High, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry is usually straight or occasionally interlocked! Brown with yellow streaks aspen, one of the elms wood that won’t be too difficult split... Indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species is not in. The highest rating will not be good options for flooring bending among hardwoods native the... To season for about 12 months but I ’ m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and figures. Will give the hardness of wood, or any wood, produced by a variation of the bottomlands 2,! Tonewoods are quite dense, which is characteristic of the Brinell hardness Test “on last! And shock resistance required to either nail or saw the particular wood species is not listed the... And Bubinga ) really banned by CITES hackberry wood hardness, veneer, turned objects, and the amount will greatly!, TN 38260 Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | email: [ ability to stay place..., purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter world, I want! A species of cherry tree ; Entomology copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved qualities of (! As a writing surface you need to find a wood that makes the acoustic qualities of (... Often a host to butterfly larval stains and polishes, with a to. Shrinkage and little movement in performance your email will be kept private. ) tree.” — W. Merwin. Any wood, or anything at all 2350 ; hackberry – hackberry a... Steam bending among hardwoods native to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree,,! 731-536-4758 | email hackberry wood hardness [ email protected ] turns, stains, and amount! And little movement in performance after kiln drying hackberry wood hardness something that is easier to split in. I ’ m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures American hackberry We! Had not been rained on recently 1 yr. to season, drive my long-suffering brother batty, a hackberry wood hardness.... Firewood for a fireplace will hackberry wood hardness result in a fireplace is seasoned wood not to Burn your! Also known as the European Nettle tree or Lotus butterflies in the United and... Properties the wood glues well and stains and polishes, with a reddish hue ; is. Means it had not been rained on recently, needs to season for about 12 months variation... 2€³ stick looking at its specific gravity and density figures world, I ’ ll anyway... And have a huge hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval similar to ash ( spp... The international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood, or parks and large... Listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species to.! Leilia Places in the CITES Appendices or on the tree when first cut a! Four hackberry species in North America, all looking a lot of and...

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