(2) me`onen, probably from a Semitic root (compare Arabic `anna) which denotes to emit a hoarse nasal sound such as was customary in reciting the prescribed formula (see CHARM). cit., 143, for examples). ( Isaiah 41:21-24 ; 44:7 ) Moses forbade every species of divination, because a prying into the future clouds the mind with superstition, and because it would have been an incentive to idolatry. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, Divination is “the art or practice that seeks to foresee or foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge usually by the interpretation of omens or by the aid of supernatural powers.”. This superstition widely spread, and in the time of the apostles there were "vagabond Jews, exorcists" ( Acts 19:13 ), and men like Simon Magus ( Acts 8:9 ), Bar-jesus ( Acts 13:6 Acts 13:8 ), and other jugglers and impostors ( 19:19 ; 2 Tim 3:13 ). The Hebrew word here is pedhuth =" ransom," "redemption" (compare Psalms 111:9), but the reading is doubtful. cit. (b) Rhabdomancy, or the use of the divining rod, referred to apparently in Hosea 4:12 (which may be paraphrased: "My people ask counsel of a bit of wood, and the rod made thereof answers their questions"); Ezekiel 8:17 ("They put a rod (EV "the branch") to their nose"). Divination is the effort to obtain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process, or ritual. To engage in divination is to reveal mysterious knowledge by supernatural practices. God tells us His view of divination in Deuteronomy 18:10: “There shall not be found among you . Meaning and Bible Examples. KJV, YLT, NASB, ASV, LEB, WEB Bibliography. Every species and degree of this superstition was strictly forbidden by the law of Moses ( Exodus 22:18 ; Leviticus 19:26 Leviticus 19:31 ; 20:27 ; Deuteronomy 18:10 Deuteronomy 18:11 ). Yet that great Roman, Cicero, in his memorable treatise on Divination, says he agrees with those who take cognizance of these two distinct kinds of divination. Imprisonment (1 Kings 22:1-35). On the derivation of the word see EB, article "Magic," section 3. ), note the following: Bouche-Leclercq, Histoire de la divination dans l'antiquite; E. B. Tylor, Primitive Culture 3, I, 78-81; 117- 33; II, 155; J. G. Frazer, Golden Bough 2, I, 346; II, 355; III, 342, et passim, and the articles in the principal Bible dictionaries. 1,2). Neither of these explanations is made probable by its advocates. of But among these and other ancient peoples certain classes of diviners were prohibited by the government from exercising their calling, probably because they were supposed to be in league with tile gods of other and hostile nations. Had he pleased the king by predicting a happy, prosperous future that was never to be, he would have been clothed in gorgeous robes and lodged in a very palace. Among the Babylonians belief in the significance of dreams gave rise to a science (oneiromancy) so elaborate that only special interpreters called seers (singular, baru) were considered able to explain them (see Lenormant, op. As defined by Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Divination is the communication with a deity for the purpose of determining the deity's knowledge, resulting in a clarification of a decision or discernment of the future. What reward did this prophet have for his fidelity to his conscience and his God? See AUGURY, IV, 2. (iii)We read in the Old Testament of other signs or omens which are implicitly approved of, thus Judges 6:36-40 (Gideon's fleece); 1 Samuel 14:8-13 (Jonathan decides whether or not he is to attack the Philistines by the words which he may happen to hear them speak). The participle of this verb is translated "enchanter" in Deuteronomy 18:10, the cognate verb, "to use enchantments" in Leviticus 19:26; 2 Kings 21:6; 2 Chronicles 33:6, and the corresponding noun "enchantment" in Numbers 23:23; 24:1. For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. The use of the lot as a means of ascertaining the will of Deity is referred to at least without expressed censure, and, as the present writer thinks, with tacit approval, in many parts of the Bible. It is important to take notice of the differences as well as the resemblances between the diviner and the prophet. The crowd joined in attacking them, and the magistrates tore the garments off them and gave orders to beat them with rods. Inductive techniques depend on human initiation. 4. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has also rejected you from being king.". Among the Romans artificial divination prevailed almost exclusively, the other having vogue largely among the Greeks, a proof surely of the more spiritual trend of the Greek mind. anyone who practices divination or tells fortunes or interprets omens.” First Samuel 15:23 compares rebellion to the “sin of divination.” Practicing divination is listed as one of the reasons for Israel’s exile (2 Kings 17:17). The dreams which then came to them were understood to be revelations of their deified ancestors. Even then, most of Israel's approved methods display parallels with the surrounding cultures. Bibliography Information Praep. ii.63), is "a power in man which foresees and explains those signs which the gods throw in his way." \ASTRONOMY\, sec. (6) kasda'im, the same word as the Greek (Chaldaioi) (English Verisons, "Chaldeans"), denotes in Da (1:4, etc.) (2) In Isaiah 3:2 diviners are ranked with judges, warriors and prophets as pillars of the state. The Phoenicians and Carthaginians sacrificed their children to Kronos in times of grave national danger or calamity (Porphyry Apud Euseb. The underlying thought in all forms of divination is that by employing certain means men are able to obtain knowledge otherwise beyond their reach. In Ezekiel 21:21 (26) it stands for divination by arrows while in 1 Samuel 28:8 it is used of divination through the medium of an 'obh ("familiar spirit"). ii.63). It is on this account that witchcraft has been so largely condemned and punished (see WITCHCRAFT). But God supplied his people with substitutes for divination which would have rended it superfluous, and left them in no doubt as to his will in circumstances of danger, had they continued faithful. (3) The verb nichesh, of which lichesh, is but a variant, is probably a denominative from nachash, "a serpent" (l and n interchange in Hebrew), denoting "to hiss," "to whisper" (like a serpent), then "to utter divinatory formulas." And when they had brought them to the magistrates, they said, "These men are Jews, and they are disturbing our city. They advocate customs that are not lawful for us as Romans to accept or practice." As examples of inspirational divination he instances men dreaming or in a state of ecstasy (De Divinatione, i. We have a reference to this custom in Isaiah 65:4 ("that sit among the graves"), where Yahweh enters into judgment with the Jews for their sin in yielding to this superstition. Two forms of divination developed in the ancient Near East, one using inductive manipulation of natural or human phenomena and the other taking intuitive forms of inner revelation. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (ii) Hydromancy, or divination by water. (bb) The other species of dreams consists of such as are induced by what is called "incubation," i.e. The usual rendering in the King James Version is plural "observers of times" and in the Revised Version (British and American) "them that practice augury" (Dt. The Latin word divinatio was confined almost exclusively to divination by outward signs, though its etymology (deus, "god") suggests that it denoted originally the other kind--that due to the inspiration of superhuman beings. The spirit realm is real, but it is not harmless. At a later period multitudes of magicians poured from Chaldea and Arabia into the land of Israel, and pursued their occupations ( Isaiah 8:19 ; 2 Kings 21:6 ; 2 Chr 33:6 ). All rights reserved. Third, it is possible, though unlikely, this is one of the few cases in which God permitted the use of objects to discern His will. ); Nehemiah 10:34; 11:1; Jonah 1:7 ("The lot fell upon Jonah"); Matthew 27:35; Acts 1:26. Divination presupposes that the divine communicates with the human. The following methods of divination are explicitly or implicitly condemned in the Old Testament: (a) Astromancy (= Astrology). Yet note the following: (1) Balaam (Numbers 22-24) was a heathen diviner whose words of blessing and of cursing were believed to have magical force, and when his services are enlisted in the cause of Yahwism, so that, instead of cursing he blessed Israel, there is not a syllable of disapproval in the narrative. On divination limited its uses to forms that did not reflect the practices of surrounding.! ) Hydromancy, or divination by water an appeal to deity occultic, standardized process, to. Over inductive methods was because he was, at least an agnostic was and. The LORD, he has also rejected you from the wisdom of God, LEB, WEB Bible about... 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