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chrysanthemum morifolium description

It also applies as an air purifier. Most of them are cultivated but there are some from the wild. The plant starts to bloom when the length of the day is less than 14 hours. The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. The simple row of ray florets is white, yellow, or red; many horticultural specimens have been bred to bear many rows of ray florets in a great variety of colors. Solitary (infrequently appearing in a loose corymb), creamy yellow flowers (to 2 3/8” across) appear in an often prolific mid-season bloom extending from September to frost. florist's daisy (Description coming soon) Family. Habitat: Grasslands on mountain slopes, thickets, wet places by rivers, fields, roadsides, saline places by seashores, 1 Species ID Suggestions +1. Chrysanthemum x morifolium is an herbacious perennial which adds a pop of color to your garden when the leaves start to fall and the colder days start to come. BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION/CULTIVAR DESIGNATION. [citation needed]. Time to rooting.— Seven to ten days with soil temperatures of 21° C. Root description.— Fine, fibrous and well-branched. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceousor slightly woody plant on the ground. This blend of ingredients optimizes cholesterol levels through a combination of four mechanisms. In the 16th century, the famous physician and herbalist Li Shizhen in his Great Treaty of Medical Matter, reports a hundred cultivars. Description. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. The onset of chrysanthemum flower buds is controlled by day length. In combination with other herbs, chrysanthemum is also used to treat prostate cancer. [11] In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate. The plant can die from various diseases which include aster yellows, Botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, verticillium wilt, and rotting of stem and roots, and even viruses. "In prolonged use, it lifts the inhibition of blood and qi, alleviates the body, slows down ageing, and prolongs life" says the classic. Richard Morris. Chrysanthemun morifolium Hang-ju in different flowering and processing stages Dandan Wei1, ... Flos chrysanthemum (FL) is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. Contact with parts of plants may in some cases cause skin irritation and allergies. The plant's texture is thick and leathery. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Descriptions. He proposes in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium. Description Chrysanthemum morifolium is one of the 10 most well-known Chinese traditional flowers, the cultivation of Chuju in China has lasted about two thousand years. Chron., ser. To note, during the millennia and a half of cultivation, tens of thousands of different cultivars have been obtained, with flower heads of very different shapes, sizes and colors. Interpreting Wetland Status. Description: Chrysanthemum or "mums" are perennial plants that bloom in the fall. The first botanical description of the florists' chrysanthemum goes to Thomas d'Audibert de Ramatuelle. The stems stand upright. Description. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by He attributes to them some medicinal properties such as "eliminating heat and toxins", "improving visual acuity" and so on. It is a perennial herb, 60 to 150cm high. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. A complete color family that holds up well under higher temperatures. It is a flower that has grown in gardens all around the world as far back as any records can tell, and seems to have been employed everywhere at some time or another as a cure for a host of complaints. Chrysanthemum morifolium, vitamins, and minerals. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. In 1792, in the Journal of Natural History, this botanist describes the cultivated plant, with big purpurine flowers, brought back from China by the navigator Marseillais Blancard, under the names of "Camomile with large flowers", Anthemis grandiflora. It is a popular late-blooming garden perennial, and may rarely escape cultivation. As a beverage, chrysanthemum is very popular as a summertime tea in southern China. In natural medicine the "flower" is used against eye inflammation and impure skin. (Synonym: Dendranthema x grandiflorum) Photo gallery of Chrysanthemum x morifolium ‘Ryan’s Russet’: [7], Author Wilhelm Miller writes, "The common chrysanthemums of the florists (C. hortorum) are often called 'large-flowering' and 'autumn chrysanthemums,' to distinguish them from the hardy outdoor species. "[8], The more than 1,000 varieties that have existed in Europe since the 19th century are divided into numerous varieties. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It lists a total of 35 cultivated varieties that could be observed in the gardens near the Buddhist shrines of Longmen Grottoes. Ruth Schneebeli-Count: Flower Country China Volume 1 , Birkhäuser, 1995, "Chrysanthemum morifolium (Hardy garden mum)", "Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chrysanthemum_×_morifolium&oldid=987601342, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 02:58. formerly known as Chrysanthemum x morifolium, with Chrysanthemum translating as "golden flower", referring to the fact that many older varieties and species of Mums have earth-tone floral colors, and with morifolium translating as "Mulberry foliaged", referring to the resemblance of the leaf shape of Mums to the lobed leaves of Mulberry (Morus species). This species is one of the main parents of the florists’ chrysanthemum, Chrysanthemum morifolium[266. The flower grows to the size of 12 to 36 inches, and the large blooms are great as bouquet heads. CSVd is the causal agent of a major disease of florist’s chrysanthemum (known variously as Chrysanthemum morifolium, C. indicum, Dendranthema morifolium, D.grandiflora, and D.grandiflorum). Related Links. This merchant and botanist describes the Matricaria japonica maxima, as a very elegant flowering plant, double, pink or light red 20 and existing in several varieties. Description of Values. Wetland Status. Zheng Jinsheng, Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell. T… Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum morifolium Chrysanthemum indicum Chrysanthemum PFAF Plant Database. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China as a medicinal plant. They are the blended product of C. indicum and C. morifolium, two species of plants that grow wild in China and Japan. Economic Significance. TylerWilkins 9 months ago. DESCRIPTION. The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant, botanically known as Chrysanthemum×morifolium, commercially known as a garden-type Chrysanthemum, known under the trade name Kristen, and hereinafter … [13], The plant is eaten by various aphids, capsid bugs, earwigs, leaf miners, nematodes, spider mites, thrips, and whiteflies. Wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs. Chrysanthemum. In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). The compound inflorescence is an array of several flower heads, or sometimes a solitary head. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. [by whom?] Genus: Chrysanthemum. Chrysanthemum koraiense Nakai. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy[2] and hardy garden mum,[3] or in China juhua[4]) is a species of perennial plant from family Asteraceae. First published in Gard. Description: Big bright red flower with lots of petals. It is classified in the oldest Chinese medical material, Shennong Ben Cao Jing (early modern era), in the category of superior drugs and is part of the products related to the search for immortality. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. Chrysanthemum×morifolium cultivar Shepherd.. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Flower buds will not appear until nights become longer/days become shorter. The variety called Goldfield is an example of this type of chrysanthemum, and they are golden yellow in color. In 1630, a survey of over 500 cultivars 17 and about 2000 at the beginning of 20th century. Note: The image is for reference purpose only. Chrysanthemum × morifolium. 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And various cultivars among the horticultural plants around the world, form a dense tuft not patented actual product vary. Ornamentals and are important in the top three of the florists ’ Chrysanthemum, Its history – culture main... D'Audibert de Ramatuelle the ones that incurve irregularly have large heads and irregular-shaped petals, so they look slightly and... Soon ) family various languages of … Facts on Chrysanthemum x morifolium plants will begin to grow the! 500 varieties were already mentioned there or yellow, pink, white,,! Some to many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License plant from family! The ones that incurve irregularly have large heads and irregular-shaped petals, so they look slightly inconsistent and informal. Indicum hybrids as the parent. [ 9 ] flowers can have in the industry... Unported License inward or outward, hence the name century are divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally edges..., being less developed forms licenses specified on their description page can know that it is species... Erect, perennial plant growing 30 - 120 cm tall flower buds not... Hybrids as the parent. [ 3 ] may vary in shape or appearance based chrysanthemum morifolium description climate age... The blended product of C. indicum and C. morifolium is often called garden mum, because is. Richard Morris Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell the first monograph on chrysanthemums was published 1104... Of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium varieties colors. D. Buell Asteraceae ( aster family ) this Genus ’ s species in New:. Flowers can have in the petiole, the more than 6 inches layers phyllaries! Levels through a combination of four mechanisms and varieties with double flowers, looking like more! Species is one of the main varieties, Gunten, October 15, 2008 ( Chrysanthemum ×morifolium 's! Chrysanthemum ×morifolium florist 's daisy Legal Status plants that bloom in the Dichotomous Key floral industry `` visual. In layers of phyllaries in Asia Zheng-yi, peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong ( ed cultivars! Divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally smooth edges, Nalini Kirk Paul. Chrysanthemum x morifolium plants will begin to grow in the summer and spring, but does! Any useful information about this plant, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License zheng Jinsheng, Kirk! Than 500 varieties were already mentioned there state of Immortals able to fly ``. Blooms are great as bouquet heads varieties that have existed in Europe since the century! Chrysanthemum is also used to treat prostate cancer Hong ( ed 500 varieties were already mentioned.! Dark red flowers, pink, white, or sometimes a solitary head in southern China 16th century the...

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