This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. Interestingly, though, it is not considered a “major player” in its native Manchuria (specifically, the Amur River basin running through Russia and China). It features tapered, ovate to lanceolate, medium to dark green leaves (to 3" long) and tubular, two-lipped, very fragrant summer white flowers (1" wide at throat) that age to yellow. Amur honeysuckle is a densely-branched, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 15' tall (sometimes more). This is because the honeysuckle produces sweet and edible nectar. Extremely aggressive and invasive, it may just be the most dominant of all plant species in the Central Ohio region. Native A… Flowers bloom in May-June. Will tolerate considerable shade. You can’t just cut them down and leave the stumps — they’ll grow back with a vengeance. Amur honeysuckle has also been found to increase mite and tick populations, and increase the incidence of illnesses like Lyme disease in humans. Amur honeysuckle is a deciduous shrub growing 8 to 10-feet tall with numerous branches arising from a central crown. Because of invasiveness problems, it is not recommended for planting. It leafs out early and retains its leaves longer in the fall and early winter than native deciduous species. Birds spread its small red berries widely and across long distances. Nathan Johnson, Director of Public Lands, March 21, 2018. The species was first introduced to the U.S. in 1897, and for decades was promoted as an ornamental shrub. Late summer, fall, or dormant season applications have all proven effective. As if all this weren’t bad enough, our foreign occupier is also engaging in insidious chemical warfare. It’s also considered to have cold properties, making it an excellent natural remedy for removing heat from the body as well as toxins. Invasive nature of this plant is a serious problem in many urban and rural areas of the U. S. Control measures include a range of options from digging out plants in sparsely infested areas to prescribed burning or application of chemicals such as glyphosate in heavily infested areas. Flowers give way to juicy, dark red berries which are inedible to humans but loved by birds who help spread the seed. Attracts: Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies, Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Heavy Shade, Black Walnut. It is a rapid grower, and when cut it just grows back stronger and denser from the stump. It features tapered, ovate to lanceolate, medium to dark green leaves (to 3" long) and tubular, two-lipped, very fragrant summer white flowers (1" wide at throat) that age to yellow. The non-native invasive Amur honeysuckle is the first shrub to leaf out in the spring — often beating out all other natives by a few weeks. Interestingly, though, it is not considered a “major player” in its native Manchuria (specifically, the Amur River basin running through Russia and China). There’s a good chance that it’s Amur honeysuckle. Exotic honeysuckles leaf out early in the season and shade out native herbaceous ground cover. Description: An erect multi-stemmed erect deciduous shrub with arching branches that grows up to 30 feet tall. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the honeysuckle flower links with the lung, stomach and large intestine meridians. The species was first introduced to the U.S. in 1897, and for decades was promoted as an ornamental shrub. Seeds are readily dispersed by birds. Lonicera maackii, commonly called Amur honeysuckle or bush honeysuckle, is native to Manchuria, Japan, Korea and China. This is an aggressive and invasive shrub that easily spreads by self-seeding. Unlike the natives it replaces, this shrub also supports very few caterpillar species — rendering it a very poor food source for birds (beyond its “junk food” berries). Amur honeysuckle is a densely-branched, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 15' tall (sometimes more). It is distinguished from other honeysuckles by its short pedicils (nearly sessile flowers and berries).Genus name honors Adam Lonitzer (1528-1586), German botanist, the author of an herbal (Kreuterbuch) many times reprinted between 1557 and 1783.Specific epithet honors Russian naturalist Richard Maack (1825-1886). Quick facts The non-native (exotic) Bell's, Morrow's, Tartarian and Amur honeysuckles are Restricted noxious weeds in Minnesota. But, be sure to remove the entire plant to prevent resprouting. The leaves are 2-3 inches in length, opposite along the stem, and end in a sharp point at the tip. Spring has officially arrived. Avoid herbicide applications during sap-flow (spring) as this lessens the effectiveness of the application. ) Chemical: Herbicides are the most effective method. TCM practitioners use the flower both internally and externally for a variety of health conditionsincluding skin infections, ulcers, fevers and inflammatory conditions. Be sure to always check herbicide labels for details and follow directions. Within days, the foreign occupation of Central Ohio’s roadsides, streambanks, and forests will reveal itself. It is twiggy by nature and grows in what we refer to as a vase-shaped habit, the same general outline as an American elm but considerably smaller. This gives the species an energy advantage, and helps it shade out the (native) competition. Amur honeysuckle forms dense stands that crowd and shade out all competing species, greatly reducing native biodiversity. The species is shade tolerant, and resistant to heat, drought, and severe winter cold. Where is this species invasive in the US. This shade-tolerant shrub has in the past been used for a variety of purposes including landscape ornamental, wildlife cover/food plant, hedge and erosion control shrub. Flowers bloom in May-June. Nevertheless, some are medicinal and can be used in the treatment of asthma and different lung conditions. While its seeds attract birds and insects, its berries may be poisonous. It was first introduced into the U.S. in 1855. For many of us, honeysuckle may be one of the first foraged foods if only as drinking the nectar. Big mistake. This non-native honeysuckle is also a prolific fruiter. It tends to have an “arching” growth habit. Herder Native Origin: Native to eastern Asia; introduced into North America in 1896 for use as ornamentals, for wildlife cover and for soil erosion control. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Amur honeysuckle is a preferred egg-laying host for mosquitoes, and it generates high survival rates for mosquito hatchlings and larvae in aquatic environments. Lastly, the ruby-red berries of Amur honeysuckle are mildly poisonous to humans, and induce severe diarrhea when ingested. Once spread into the wild, it can form dense, shrubby, understory colonies that eliminate native woody and herbaceous plants. See all that green around you in very early spring? This is a large, deciduous shrub that typically ranges from 6 to 20 feet in height. Amur honeysuckle has also been found to increase mite and tick populations, and increase the incidence of illnesses like Lyme disease in humans. However, most edible honeysuckle plants are typically found in wildlife. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Research shows that several bird species experience significantly greater nest predation when choosing Amur honeysuckle as their home. The same goes for very late fall and early winter — this species is typically the last to drop its leaves. These beautiful blossoms contain tasty culinary uses and also contain powerful medicinal. Flowers are white, aging to yellow, and bloom May through June. Its berries are the natural equivalent of junk food — high in sugar, but very low in the fats and nutrients that migrating birds need to survive their long journeys. For the next few weeks, most of the green we see around us will — counterintuitively — signify a suffering ecosystem. It was originally planted in the U.S. as an ornamental shrub, but it quickly escaped gardens and naturalized throughout much of the eastern U.S. to the Great Plains into a variety of sites including roadsides and railroads, woodland borders, some forests, fields, unused or disturbed lands and yard edges.